By Kelly McGuinness
The Stone Box Indian site (also known as the Arnold Site) is located in the in the Meadowlake subdivision off
Artifacts recovered included effigy bowls (bowls constructed of half a gourd, complete with the gourd’s blossom and stem), sandstone tools, flint points and pottery shards. Also recovered was a high percentage of small rodent remains including woodchuck and opossum, as well as frog and deer remains.
“Disregarding the possibility of hungry rats in the trash pile, preliminary analysis of materials indicates more meals of woodrat than of venison,” comments one of the authors of The Middle
Their diets were not limited to meat however, as the remains of corncobs, beans, and other seeds were also discovered. The permanent dwellings of these people indicate a sedimentary lifestyle, which almost always included a horticultural way of life. The various seeds uncovered indicate this to be the case at the
The most significant finds at the Arnold Site however, were numerous stone box graves situated in burial plots nearby. A widespread burial tradition in the region during this time, stone box burials are probably best described as stone-lined graves in which the slabs have been tailored to fit the individual. These stone box burials were buried just inches underground and often the edges of the stones remained in view.
At the Arnold Site, multiple burials were uncovered, where more than one individual had been placed in the same grave. Also, according to a June 1972 article in American Heritage Magazine, titled Hair Raising Antiquity, evidence of scalping was also found at the Arnold Site. The article includes a photograph of the skeletal remains of an adult male exhibiting visible cuts across the forehead and in the approximate location of where his hairline would have been.
The Arnold Site is, by no means, unique in this area, however. Remains have been uncovered from subdivisions such as Horseshoe Bend, Westhaven, River Landing, Inglehame Farms, and Montclair (which backs up to the Boiling Springs site). One of the oldest known civilization was unearthed during the construction of Fieldstone Farms, which is believed to have been occupied from 5230-3770 BC.
Then there is the site uncovered during the construction of the Brentwood Library and the Kellytown site at the intersection of
Despite these findings, historians and archaeologists agree that more sites have been lost to farming and development than have been discovered and plenty of prehistoric sites have yet to be unearthed. Given the rapid growth and development that
See Also: Boiling Springs Site (The Fewkes Group Archaeological Site) Sources:
Boiling Springs Site (The Fewkes Group Archaeological Site)
Ferguson, Robert B., John B. Broster, James E.Cambron. The Middle
Vanderbilt University, 1972.
Hair Raising Antiquity. American Heritage Magazine. Vol. 28, Issue 4. June 1977.